KUGEL, JAMES L.

KUGEL, JAMES L.
KUGEL, JAMES L. (1945– ), U.S. scholar of biblical studies and comparative literature. Kugel was born in New York City. He earned his B.A. degree in European poetry at Yale University in 1968 and his Ph.D. from the City University of New York Graduate Center's Comparative Literature Program in 1977. He worked as translator, journalist, and poetry editor at Harper's magazine (1973–75). Following three years as assistant professor of religious studies and comparative literature at Yale University, he joined the faculty at Harvard University (1982–2004). During his tenure, he was Harry Starr Professor of Classical and Modern Jewish and Hebrew Literature, professor of Comparative Literature, director of the Center for Jewish Studies, and a member of the Divinity School. He later became professor of Bible at Bar-Ilan University in Israel. Kugel's significant contributions to biblical scholarship are his studies on ancient Bible interpretation and its role in shaping text-based religious communities. In The Idea of Biblical Poetry: Parallelism and its History (1981, 1998), he coined the term "omnisignificance" to describe rabbinic exegesis of scriptures. The volume offers a new approach to biblical poetry and prose that is less dependent on the Greek model and more in concert with the rabbinic framework of thinking. Kugel also wrote The Great Poems of the Bible: A Reader's Companion with New Translations (1999) and In Potiphar's House: The Interpretive Life of Biblical Texts in Early Judaism and Christianity (1990; 1994).   Kugel's most important work on the earliest interpretations of the Torah is his The Bible As It Was: Biblical Traditions of Late Antiquity (1997), for which he was awarded the prestigious Grawemeyer Award in religion in 2001. Focusing primarily on well-known Torah narratives, he postulates that four basic assumptions governed the earliest exegesis: Scripture requires trained interpreters, the interpretation is harmonious in all its parts and meaningful in all its details, the insights gained are deeply relevant to people's lives, and the interpretive process is divinely inspired. A complementary volume, Traditions of the Bible: A Guide to the Bible as It Was at the Start of the Common Era (1998), provides additional interpretive material, more detailed explanation of motifs, and a survey of relevant scholarship for each motif. Kugel's other books include The Ladder of Jacob: Biblical Interpretation in the Apocrypha and Pseudepigrapha (2004), The Ladder of Jacob: Ancient Interpretations of the Biblical Story of Jacob and His Children (2006), and several edited volumes that encompass studies in poetry and prophecy. His venture into theology and religion are reflected in The God of Old: Inside the Lost World of the Bible (2003), and in On Being a Jew (1990, 1998), a self-revealing advocacy for traditionalist Judaism, told in an engaging dialogue between a Syrian Jewish banker and an American graduate school student. The Idea of Biblical Interpretation: Essays in Honor of James L. Kugel (2004) honors Kugel's influence and accomplishments to the branch of Bible studies suggested by the title. (Zev Garber (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • James Abram Garfield — James A. Garfield James Abram Garfield (* 19. November 1831 in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio; † 19. September 1881 in Elberon, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und der 20 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Garfield — James A. Garfield James Abram Garfield (* 19. November 1831 in Orange, Cuyahoga County, Ohio; † 19. September 1881 in Elberon, New Jersey) war ein US amerikanischer Politiker und der 20 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Kemper — James Lawson Kemper James Lawson Kemper ( * 11. Juni 1823 in Mountain Prospect, Madison County, Virginia; † 7. April 1895 in Walnut Hills, Orange County, Virginia) war ein Generalmajor der Konföderierten im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James L. Kemper — James Lawson Kemper James Lawson Kemper ( * 11. Juni 1823 in Mountain Prospect, Madison County, Virginia; † 7. April 1895 in Walnut Hills, Orange County, Virginia) war ein Generalmajor der Konföderierten im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Kugel — James L. Kugel (1945 ) is chair of the Institute for the History of the Jewish Bible at Bar Ilan University in Israel and the Harry M. Starr Professor Emeritus of Classical and Modern Hebrew Literature at Harvard University.James Kugel is the… …   Wikipedia

  • James Miller (Kameramann) — James Miller (James Henry Dominic Miller; * 18. Dezember 1968 in Haverfordwest; † 2. Mai 2003 in Rafah) war ein britischer Kameramann und Dokumentarfilmer. Er drehte zusammen mit Saira Shah in Afghanistan die Dokumentationen „Beneath the Veil“… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Miller (Dokumentarfilmer) — James Henry Dominic Miller (* 18. Dezember 1968 in Haverfordwest; † 2. Mai 2003 in Rafah) war ein walisischer Kameramann und Dokumentarfilmer. Er wurde während der Dreharbeiten zu einer Dokumentation im Gazastreifen erschossen. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Lawson Kemper — (* 11. Juni 1823 in Mountain Prospect, Madison County, Virginia; † 7. April 1895 in Walnut Hills, Orange County, Virginia) war ein Generalmajor der Konföderierten im Sezessionskrieg und spä …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Bond — James Bond, auch bekannt als 007, ist ein Geheimagent des britischen Geheimdienstes MI6, der 1952 vom Schriftsteller Ian Fleming erfunden und vor allem durch die seit den 1960er Jahren erfolgreiche Filmreihe weltbekannt wurde. Heute gilt die… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • James Abercrombie junior — James Abercrombie, auch Abercromby, (* um 1732; † 23. Juni 1775 in Boston) war ein britischer Offizier im Franzosen und Indianerkrieg und im amerikanischen Unabhängigkeitskrieg. Leben James Abercrombie wurde um 1732, wahrscheinlich in Schottland …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”